关于化粪池系统你应该知道什么

  A septic 系统 is the most common method of sewage treatment for homes that are not on a public sewer line. 化粪池系统由化粪池组成, 固体在哪里沉淀和分解, 和 a drain 场 where liquid discharged from the tank is treated by bacteria living in the soil. The septic tank settles out 和 decomposes solid sewage. The resulting liquid discharge from the tank slowly seeps into the drain 场 where it receives final treatment from bacteria living in the soil. Properly functioning septic 系统s treat sewage to prevent ground 和 surface water pollution. A malfunctioning 系统 is a health hazard to your family 和 your neighbors, 并且会损害自然资源.

在你购买之前

在你购买之前 undeveloped property, ask if the property has been evaluated for a septic 系统. If not, have Malheur County 环境卫生 evaluate it for a septic 系统 before purchase.

When checking an existing septic 系统 in a home you might want to buy, 环境卫生 advises that you hire a qualified inspector to check out the 系统. 以下是需要调查的主要内容:

这个制度合法吗??
它是有许可证安装的吗?
Is the 系统 the proper size to accommodate the needs of your family or business?
How old is the 系统 和 has it been properly maintained?
化粪池上次抽水是什么时候?
过去有过什么问题吗?
Are all plumbing fixtures connected to the septic tank?
How many people previously lived in the house?
Are there signs of septic 系统 失败 such as soggy areas over the septic tank or drain 场 areas?

安装新系统m

Getting a new septic 系统 installed is a two step process. The first step is to apply for a site evaluation. A septic 系统 specialist will evaluate your property 和 identify the type of septic 系统 needed 和 the best location for it. The second step is to apply for a septic 系统 construction permit. Contact Malheur County 环境卫生 for application forms or download application forms from this web site. There is a fee for a site evaluation as well as for the permit.

 Guide to procedures for installing a new septic 系统

维护化粪池系统

You can avoid costly repairs by having your septic tank inspected on a regular basis for solids accumulation. When the solids accumulation is greater than 40 percent, have your septic tank pumped by a DEQ-licensed消防车. A properly constructed 和 maintained 系统 can last a long time if you follow some common 化粪池 应该做的事 不该做的事:

不容易冲洗材料
decompose, such as hair, diapers, cigarette butts, matches, or feminine hygiene
产品.
DO 节约用水,避免超载
系统.
洗或冲药品或危险
chemicals like paint, paint thinner 和 bleach into the 系统. 他们杀死了
bacteria needed to decompose 浪费s in the septic tank 和 drain
场.
DO 使用家庭有害物质的替代品
浪费.
开车经过化粪池或排水沟
行.
DO 了解化粪池的位置
排水场. Keep a sketch of it h和y with your maintenance record for
服务访问.
在排水管上方或附近种植任何东西
草地以外的田野. Roots from nearby trees or shrubs may clog 和 damage drain
行.
DO 用草盖住排水沟
防止侵蚀和去除多余的水分.
在你的排水沟里挖个洞或者建个什么东西
在它.
DO keep your septic tank cover accessible for 检查 和 泵. 必要时安装立管.
用坚硬的表面覆盖排水区
如混凝土或沥青.
DO 做好维修的详细记录, 泵, 检查, 允许发布, 以及其他维护活动.
make or allow repairs to your septic 系统 without obtaining the required permit. Use professionally licensed septic contractors when needed.
DO 转移其他水源,比如屋顶
drains, house footing drains, 和 sump pumps, away from the septic 系统.
Excessive water keeps the soil in the drain 场 from naturally cleansing the
废水.
使用化粪池添加剂. 这些产品
usually do not help 和 some may even be harmful to your
系统.
DO 你的化粪池抽气了吗
定期由DEQ持牌承建商负责.
允许家用软水器反冲洗
进入化粪池系统.
DO 无论何时,请致电专业人士
experience problems with your 系统, or if there are any signs of 系统
失败.
进入你的坦克,任何工作到坦克
应该从外面做吗. Gases that can be generated in the tank 和/or
缺氧可能是致命的.

化粪池系统故障的迹象

水池或潮湿的地方, 犯规的气味, 和/or dark gray or black soils in the area of your drain 场. Water that surfaces over the drain 场 during heavy rain or when doing laundry. Sewage backs up into the lowest drains in the house. Gurgling of drains, slow drainage (check for clogs first). 潮湿的土壤覆盖着排水沟.